Blackheads can be a concern for many and can take weeks to heal. Some people may not be able to bear it, so they squeeze, peel or scratch the skin until the acne becomes inflamed and scarred. But people with blackheads may be able to cope with this problem if they study the following information on self-care and proper treatment of blackheads.
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What is blackhead?
Blackheads are open comedones. This is caused by sebum, bacteria and dead skin cells accumulating in the hair follicles. It looks like a small, black bump on the face. and the skin of various parts of the body such as the back, chest, arms, shoulders and neck, etc.
How to get rid of blackheads effectively?
Blackheads may be cured on their own and do not require medical attention, such as using acne medications that help reduce acne breakouts. And facial care prevents clogging of pores. However, if blackheads are recurring and acne does not respond to medication. You may need to see a dermatologist for other treatments for acne.
skin care tips To prevent and treat blackheads yourself
– Wash off makeup before going to bed. Sleeping with makeup causes chemicals to clog your pores and increases your risk of blackheads. Sleep with makeup on can also result in eye infections or inflammation. too
– Wash your face twice. Washing your face thoroughly will help prevent blackheads. You may wash your face twice, the first time you may wash your face normally. You may then wash your face with a salicylic acid cream or foam again. This will help prevent new acne breakouts.
– Use a facial cleansing brush A face brush will help remove dead skin cells and help reduce clogged pores. Makes the face clean and clear. But you should use a facial brush only once a week because scrubbing your face often can irritate your skin.
Exfoliation: Exfoliating with products containing AHA or natural fruit extracts that are acidic such as glycolic acid and BHA such as salicylic acid or other chemicals will help. clean pores Get rid of old skin cells, making the skin smoother and softer. And makes pores smaller. It also helps reduce wrinkles and dark spots on the face that occur with age as well.
– Facial mask. Using mud or charcoal mask will help cleanse the face from dirt. Deeply removes old skin cells and oil that clogs the pores. and which helps reduce the occurrence of blackheads
– Steam the face The steam will help open the pores and loosen any dirt that has been left inside the pores. As a result, the facial skin is clean and clear.
– Avoid using pimple peeling pads and pressing pimples. Although different types of blackhead removers and masks may help remove pore clogging But it can cause dry skin and irritation as well. This results in the sebaceous glands producing more oil and clogging up more blackheads. In addition, the inadequate use of a pimple remover to remove blackheads can lead to scarring and scarring on the skin. can follow If you want to press acne You should see a dermatologist who has knowledge and experience in pressing acne. To get rid of acne in the right way
– Avoid products that clog pores. Skin care, such as using a facial cleanser to get rid of acne breakouts. skin cell turnover and face mask It may not improve blackheads if you continue to use makeup and skin care products that contain chemicals that may trigger acne breakouts. Noncomedogenic which is a product that does not contain ingredients that cause clogging that causes blackheads
In addition to taking care of your skin by yourself Choosing the right acne medication for the symptoms and type of acne can increase the effectiveness of blackhead treatment as follows:
- Benzoyl Peroxide Most topical acne creams contain benzoyl peroxide. It has properties to reduce swelling and relieve the pustules of inflamed acne. It also helps fight bacteria in acne. But such drugs may not have a good therapeutic effect. This is because blackheads are caused by clogged pores that are not inflamed by acne-causing bacteria.
- Salicylic acid If topical acne treatments containing benzoyl peroxide are ineffective. You might try switching to a medication that contains salicylic acid. Because salicylic acid reduces the clogging of dirt in the pores. Salicylic acid-containing face washes or creams can also help wash away impurities on the face caused by smoke, pollution, and makeup. However, salicylic acid Lix can cause irritation, so if an allergic reaction occurs, stop using this medication immediately.
- Retinoid compounds Retinoid topical acne treatments can help treat drug-resistant acne. It will help reduce clogging in the pores. and help other acne products penetrate into the skin better Instead, medications containing retinoids should only be used to treat acne under the supervision of a dermatologist. for user safety
When should I see a dermatologist?
Treatment for blackheads can take up to 6-12 weeks if the acne develops. And the acne that has already existed does not seem to be healed. You may need to see a dermatologist to remove the pimples. which when going to see a doctor Your doctor may prescribe topical acne treatments that contain retinoid compounds. to prevent recurrence Exfoliating may also be recommended to treat acne scars.
Myths about blackheads that may not be true
Here are some tips that many people may misunderstand about blackheads.
– Dirt makes pimples clog black. Even though blackheads look like dirt, they clog pores. But in fact, blackheads look black because clogged pores such as dust, bacteria and oil react with the oxygen in the air. Resulting in clogged pimples that look like small pimples that are black.
– Mineral oil causes blackheads. Many people believe that mineral oil, an oil extracted from petroleum, can clog pores and lead to blackheads. But in fact, mineral oil is a non-comedogenic substance so it doesn’t cause breakouts. Plus, it helps moisturize dry skin. and reduce skin irritation as well