Metal springs are compressible devices used to store and release energy in a wide variety of applications, including as shock-absorbing systems in vehicles and various other appliances. They are also used in furniture for support and comfort and in sports equipment such as bows and arrows.
They are various types of metal springs, including coils, torsions, extensions, and leaf springs. They are built to last, but old metal springs must eventually be swapped out for new ones. You may need to do this often depending on factors such as the spring type, operating environment, and amount of stress.
How Long Do Metal Springs Last?
Generally, metal springs can last about five years. The figure is equivalent to 10K to 15K of uses. However, some factors can shorten or increase the lifespan of spring, including:
When choosing springs, load rating, deflection, preload, and spring rate are important. Always choose springs designed properly for your project. Think about what you want to use the spring for and how. Faulty springs break down easily. You can get the right spring with the help of an industry expert.
Quality of Materials
The material used to make a spring impacts its strength, durability, and resistance to corrosion. Springs made of stainless steel tend to be strong and resistant to heat and corrosion.
They also have good relaxation resistance, making them durable. But they don’t work well when temperatures fall below zero. On the other hand, titanium, Inconel, and niobium springs have high-tension relaxation and, therefore, are not as long-lasting.
The Operating Environment
Harsh environmental conditions such as high humidity, acidity, or high temperature increase the rate at which springs break down. Therefore, springs used in projects in such environments must be replaced often. Dirt and debris also increase wear and tear, so keeping your springs clean helps.
The Applied Stress
A spring’s load rating indicates the amount of force it’s designed to handle. If you exert excess force beyond this elastic limit, your spring can sustain irreversible damage. Another important factor is the deflection. It’s how far a loaded spring extends.
Studies show that keeping the deflection of springs to a quarter of their total length increases their lifespan. Additionally, choosing springs with bigger wire sizes increases spring life. However, generally, springs subjected to a lot of stress wear out more quickly than springs not subjected to as much stress. Avoid overloading or overextending your springs.
Signs that your metal spring needs to be replaced include:
- Deformation or bending
- Noise coming from the spring when it’s in use
- Decreased performance
In case of any of the above signs, get a qualified technician to inspect your spring and determine if it needs to be switched out for a new one. Foshan Gonglian Metal is a renowned manufacturer and supplier of metal wire products, including springs.
We have various types of springs and also customize designs based on our client’s specifications. Contact our team for help finding the right spring for your application.